Fredonia has a long and storied history of successful competition on athletic fields, courts and rinks across the state. A highly respected coaching staff has produced over 120 collegiate All-Americans, a number of National Champions, and a plethora of team championships at the conference and regional level.

Fredonia's coaches also serve on advisory committees throughout the east and have held top positions in a number of statewide, regional and national organizations.

Offering a wide range of programs for students wishing to participate at a competitive level, SUNY Fredonia sponsors athletic teams for men in the following sports: baseball, basketball, cross country, hockey, soccer, swimming, and track and field. Offerings on the women's side include: basketball, cheerleading, cross country, lacrosse, soccer, softball, swimming, tennis, track and field, and volleyball.

All full-time undergraduate students are eligible to try out for Fredonia's athletic teams. Athletic eligibility is determined through the office of the Director of Athletics. Varsity athletes must comply with all appropriate rules and regulations of SUNY Fredonia, as well as those of all playing conferences with which Fredonia is affiliated. In addition to being certified eligible to participate through the Athletic Director's office, each prospective student-athlete must receive clearance from the Student Health Center prior to participating in team activities including practice, staff-supervised pre-season conditioning, and contests. All student-athletes are encouraged to enroll in the university's insurance program or provide the Director of Athletics with evidence of personal health and accident insurance coverage.

The athletic policies of SUNY Fredonia are developed by the Director of Athletics in conjunction with the Intercollegiate Athletic Board, an advisory board to the University President composed of faculty, students and administrators. Athletic affiliations are maintained with the NCAA, ECAC and SUNYAC. While programs range in strength from national level competition to competitive conference play, the university encourages students try out for teams if their ability warrants.